involves checks for muscle spasm, massage and the bringing on of deep
relaxation. This is achieved by release of tension both physical and emotional
via comfort through contact.
has a select tranquillising effect. The fluid release effect (Kurz & Wittlinger,
1978) as used by Olympic trainers, allows stressed parts of the body to
be super oxygenated while irritating acidic wastes are pressed out of
the tissues through intricate capillary and lymphatic systems that wastes
(e.g. histamines) must pass through to leave the body. Tissue in this
area is replaced by oxygenated blood leaving the client refreshed, calm
for TMJ dysfunction and myofacial spasm that have an anxiety and tinnitus
component can be assisted by massage to the upper back, trapezius, neck,
head and face to bring on relaxation or to assist an angry client to verbalise
AND BEHAVIOURAL STRATEGIES
visualisation is a cognitive technique that involves the development of
a pattern of ideas or thought processes to relax the client and break
the destructive pattern of somatic preoccupation and depression. One of
the most common cognitive stress responses is "catastrophising" and overemphasising
the consequences of negative events (Sarason et al 1986).
consciously induced states of relaxation, calming the mind and focusing
its powers of relaxed concentration, the ability to relax is developed
to let stressors go and view problems and difficulties from a different
are many reports on the benefits of hypnotherapy as a management technique
for persons with tinnitus, (Macleod-Morgan et al 1982; Brattberg 1983;
Marks et al 1985).